Scientific Name
Fagopyrum esculentum
18-25 deg. C
300-400 mm
Terai to 2800m asl and above
Sowing Time
2800m and above: Bisakh- Jestha 1700-2800m asl:Asar to Shrawan 800-1700m asl: Shrawan to Bhadra 800m asl and below:Bhadra to Ashoj Terai:All Mangsir
Seed Rate
30-60 kg per ha but 60kg per ha for Mithe Fhapar
Fertilizer Application
30:30:0 kg NPK per ha
Not needed but can be carried out 25-30 DAS
Weed Management
Not really needed as the crop is somewhat resistant to wheat naturally.
Usually Rainfed but 2-3 irrigations may be followed in higher altitudes
Earthing up and Hoeing
Not really needed but can be carried out during 20-25 DAS
Harvesting Index
60-70% seed hardened
Due to its indeterminate growth, the plant shows irregular development in its life and also within the population . If the harvest is delayed, seeds can shatter due to wind or be dispersed due to invading living organisms (birds, rats etc.). Due to its gradual formation and maturity of seeds, harvesting is done periodically and finally the crop is cut and then threshed when the rest of the seeds are fully matured
Post Harvest Activities
The seeds must be well dried. Over matured seeds when come in contact with high moisture, germinate quickly as the seeds have vivipary characteristics.
In the rural areas, honey production can be established based on cultivation of this crop. It is staple crop in Hills as Dhindo.
bruchids (Acanthecelids obtectus), grain moth
(Cephitinea sp.), cut work (Cirphis spp.), storage beetles
(Mycetophagus sp.) and aphids
leaf spot
(Septoria polygonicola), smut (Sphacelotheca jagopyri),
root and stem rot (Phytophthora jagopyri), brown leaf
spot (Ascochyta italica), powdery mildew tErysiphe
polygoni), rust tPuccinia jagopyri), root and collar rot
(Sclerotinia libertianai, root rot (Fusarium spp.), stem rot
(Botrytis cinerea), chlorotic leaf spot (Alternaria alternata),
downy mildew (Peronospora ducumeti)

Mithe Fapar